WHAT IS DRACAENA DRACO?


Dracaena draco is the tree of Canary Islands also known as Drago. It is a tree-like plant in the genus Dracaena. Dracaena draco was a subtropical tree, Cape Verde, native to the Canary Islands, locally in western Morocco, Madeira and introduced to the Azores. It is also a natural symbol of the island of Tenerife, together with blue chaffinch.

Describe Dracaena Draco in Brief.

Dracaena Draco is a monocot with a tree-like habit of growth is currently placed in the asparagus family (Subfamily Nolinoidae, Asparagaceae). When the tree is young, it only has one single stem.

After 10-15 years of the age, the stem of tree stops growing. And produces his first flower spoke with white, followed by coral berries, lily-like perfumed flowers. And soon a crown of terminal buds appears, and the plant starts branching.

Each branch of the tree grows for 10-15 years and then they re-branches so that a mature plant has a habit like-umbrella. The growth of the of the plant is slow; it takes about ten years to reach 1.2 meters (4 ft) in height. Being a monocotyledon, it does not display the growth of the rings either annual you can estimate the age of plant only determine the age of the plant by the number of branching and points before reaching the canopy.

The specimen also called as “El Drago Milenario” (the thousands-years-old dragon) growing at iPod de Vinos in northwest. And Tenerife is the oldest living plants of this species.

The age was estimated in 1975 to be around 250 years, with a max of 365 years, not several thousand as had previously been claimed. It was also the largest dracaena Draco tree alive. Its a massive trunk comes to form the contribution of clusters of aerial roots which emerge from the bases of lowest branches and grow down into the soil. Descending along the nose, they grip tightly to the trunk, combine with it and helps in its radial growth. There significant genetic variation within the Canaria Island dragon plant.

The form-finding on Gran Canaria is now used as a separate species. Draenei Tamaranae, based on a difference in flower structure. The shape endemic to La Palma initially branches arranged fastigately. There is some forest of such tree at Las Tricias, Garafia district, Palma. What are the uses of Dracaena draco? When the leaves or bark of Draco cuts they secrete a reddish resin, one of several sources of substances known as dragon’s blood.

The red part of this tree has many mono- and dimeric flavans that contribute to the red colour of the resins.

Dragon’s blood has some traditional medical use, dragon’s blood made from Dracaena Draco. That was not known until the 15th century, and inspect suggest that most dragon’s blood used in art was made up from species of the genus Daemonorops. The first and second plant body is the site of the secretory plant tissues that form the dragon’s blood. These tissues include ground the parenchyma cells and cortex cell.

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